- Scope 1 — Direct emissions over which the company has control via ownership of activities and that are included in mandatory reporting schemes. Examples include stationary fuel use such as water heaters, frost fighting equipment, and boilers, and mobile fuel use such as tractors, trucks, and harvesters.
- Scope 2 — Indirect emissions from the production of purchased electricity, heat or steam, also included in mandatory reporting schemes.
- Scope 3 — Indirect emissions from all activities that are purchased from other companies, which may be included in product life cycle analysis. Examples include extraction and production of purchased materials such as fertilizers, packaging material, and transportation of purchased products to the winery or transportation of wine products to the point of sale.
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